At this time of the year it is necessary to prevent respiratory diseases and poisoning. In particular, care measures should be maximized and alert to possible symptoms in infants, children, pregnant women and older adults, since they are the most vulnerable to this type of condition.
To prevent respiratory diseases such as influenza, bronchiolitis, bronchitis and pneumonia, among other infections it is important:
- Wash your hands with soap and water after returning from the street, before cooking or eating, and after using the bathroom or changing diapers.
- Sustain breastfeeding, at least until the baby reaches 6 months.
- Have the vaccines included in the National Vaccination Calendar up to date to reduce health complications and mortality from respiratory infections, especially in children, pregnant women, people with chronic diseases and older adults.
- Ventilate all environments daily.
- Do not smoke and keep smoke free environments. Tobacco’s consuption afects to the respiratory tracts. Also, exposure to tobacco smoke is associated with respiratory complications as it contains heavy metals and carcinogens.
- Increase prevention and care especially for pregnant women, older adults, babies and children. It is important to be alert to the first symptoms of a respiratory infection to treat it in time and prevent the condition from getting worse.
- Do not self-medicate. The consumption of over-the-counter remedies can cause poisoning and hide the symptoms of the disease, making it difficult to diagnose correctly and worsening the clinical picture.
Carbon monoxide poisoning
All carbon monoxide poisonings are preventable.
Carbon monoxide is a poison that has no color, smell, taste and does not irritate the eyes or nose. Each year in our country causes the death of about 200 people. Unable to perceive, it is necessary to take preventive measures to prevent the monoxide from contaminating our home.
For this it is essential:
- Leave permanent ventilation in each environment. In addition to ventilating the entire house once a day, it is essential to always keep a window or door open in heated environments even if it is cold.
- Observe that the gas flame is always blue (the yellow flame is a sign of bad combustion and generation of monoxide).
- If brazier or kerosene stove is used, turn them off outside the house before going to sleep, always.
- Do not install water heaters in the bathroom, or in enclosed or poorly ventilated spaces.
- In bathrooms, bedrooms and enclosed environments, only install appliances with exit to the outside (balanced shot).
- Check annually the facilities and the proper functioning of the artifacts of the house. It is recommended to have them checked by authorized personnel.
Before symptoms of poisoning it is necessary to ventilate the environment and quickly turn to a health center or hospital.